Your credit score is an evaluation that predicts your risk of defaulting on a loan.
What is a credit score?
A credit score, which is sometimes referred to as a FICO score, is a three-digit number that assesses your creditworthiness. A mathematical algorithm uses information from your credit report to deliver a score from 300 to 850. As a result, your score is based on your previous actions and is a depiction of your reputation as a borrower. The higher the score, the more trustworthy the borrower is to repay his debts.
What impacts a credit score?
Payment HistoryYour account payment history, such as how you pay your credit card bills, heavily influence your credit score. If you have any missed payments or delinquencies, your credit score will drop.
Credit Utilization RatioYour credit utilization ratio is how much debt you have on your credit cards divided by the credit card’s limit. The lower your outstanding balances across your credit cards, the lower your credit utilization ratio, the higher your credit score.
Length of Credit HistoryThe longer you have held your accounts, the better your credit score.
Types of Credit UsedWhat kind of accounts you have has a small impact on your score. For example, credit cards are revolving credit whereas a personal loan is an installment credit.
New CreditHow recently you have applied for new credit accounts or authorized credit inquiries has a small impact on your score.
What is considered a good credit score?Credit scores range from 300 to 850. An excellent credit score ranges from 750 points to the perfect score of 850. Consequently, a good credit score is from 700 to 749. Next, a fair credit score is from 650 to 699. As we go down the line, a poor credit score is 550 to 649 points. Finally, a bad credit score is 550 and below.
Credit Score Versus Credit ReportYour credit score is a three-digit number, which is derived from your credit report. Your credit report is a detailed history of your credit history, including delinquent payments, bankruptcies, number of credit accounts, as well as your outstanding balances.
Why are credit scores important?
LendingYour credit score plays a vital role in lending decisions. The most common example is when you want to borrow money. Potential lenders use your credit score to evaluate if you qualify for a loan and what interest rate to give you. If you are a trustworthy borrower, you are more likely to secure a lower interest rate than a high-risk borrower.
Additionally, your credit score is used to determine your eligibility for a new credit card and lines of credit.